On August 11,the Assembly abolished serfdom. Furthermore, from abouthigher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably.
From July 20 to August 5,hysteria spread across the country, but was gradually put down by militias that imposed law and order. Rumors circulated that the prisoners held in Paris prisons were planning to stage an uprising.
The first act of the latter was to declare France as a republic on September 21, Reign of Terror The darkest period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror which lasted from to A popular insurgency culminated on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons; many consider this event, now commemorated in France as a national holiday, as the start of the French Revolution.
From aboutthis trend slackened, and economic crises, provoking alarm and even revolt, became frequent. The mob forces the royal family to return to Paris with them.
Collections of taxes, such as the extremely unpopular salt tax, the gabellewere contracted to private collectors " tax farmers "who, like all farmers, preoccupied themselves with making their holdings grow. Meanwhile, the royal court at Versailles was isolated from and indifferent to the escalating crisis.
It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis. Landed aristocracy in the National Assembly seized on the idea that the only way to stop the tide of violence in the countryside was to renounce feudal privileges.
They were replaced by Jacques Neckerwho supported the American Revolution and proceeded with a policy of taking large international loans instead of raising taxes.
The idea of free trade of grain was discredited and the economic experiment distanced the masses from the government in Versailles. Economic stagnation continued throughout the country. Jul 12, Civil Constitution of the Clergy The nationalization of Church lands was the first step in state control of the Church.
Starting as a movement for government reforms, the French Revolution rapidly turned radical and violent, leading to the abolition of the monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI.
Leading the new government was the Directory consisting of an executive council of five members. They also unleashed the bloody Reign of Terror la Terreura month period in which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands.
Further royal and seigneurial obligations might be paid in several ways: This conflict was known as the Flour War of On the advice of, what many believed was, his mistress, the Marquise de Pompadourthe king supported the policy of fiscal justice designed by d'Arnouville.
France was a wealthier country than Britain, and its national debt was no greater than the British one. This policy also failed; therefore, Louis convened the Assembly of Notables in to discuss a revolutionary new fiscal reform proposed by Calonne.
Causes of the French Revolution.
government financial problems people wanted a democratic forum. Democratic forum. take power away from elite taxes freedom of speech efficient government and enlightenment.
cause of war. political causes of French Revolution. abuse of monarchy. The Revolution ended the rule of Charles X over France, and Louis Philippe of the Orlean dynasty was placed on the French throne.
Louis Philippe ruled between and It was in Luis Philippe's period that yet another revolution occurred in France. The following timeline discusses the events that led to the American Revolution, beginning with the end of the French and Indian War in It follows the thread of increasingly unpopular British policies against the American colonies until the colonists' objections and actions led to open hostility.
The French Revolution lasted 10 years from to It began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. The revolution came to an end when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate (with Napoleon as leader).
The causes of the French Revolution are similar to the events that caused other revolutions in 18th century Europe. At that time, international turmoil plagued many European nations.
Governments' financial problems coincided with a surge in population growth that stemmed from higher standards of living and education. The causes of the French Revolution can be attributed to several intertwining factors: Cultural: The Enlightenment philosophy desacralized the authority of the monarchy and the Catholic Church, and promoted a new society based on reason instead of traditions.The events that caused the french revolution