I — anonymous author and artists The earliest surviving literary evidence of the druids emerges from the classical world of Greece and Rome. A megalith building culture develops, which raises great mounds like New Grange, and great circles of stone, like Stonehenge.
February 1 marked The Return of Light. Druids do not follow the Wiccan Rede which states in modern English one is free to do anything, as long as it harms nobody. He was the son of Dagda or Daghdachief god of the Irish, and of Boann, the personified sacred river of Irish tradition.
This threefold hierarchy had its reflex among the two main branches of Celts in Ireland and Wales but is best represented in early Irish tradition with its druids, filidh singular filiand bards; the filidh evidently correspond to the Gaulish vates.
Some of the more famous are: Rives remarked that it was "ambiguous" whether the druids ever performed such sacrifices, for the Romans and Greeks were known to project what they saw as barbarian traits onto foreign peoples including not only druids but Jews and Christians as well, thereby confirming their own "cultural superiority" in their own minds.
In Celtic eschatology, as noted in Irish vision or voyage tales, a beautiful girl approaches the hero and sings to him of this happy land.
The Gundestrup Cauldron shows Celtic warriors being ritually dunked into the cauldron of rebirth Although much of their real history and knowledge has been destroyed, hidden, or stolen, the Druidic religion has been pieced together over the years.
While the druids as a priestly caste were extinct with the Christianization of Walescomplete by the 7th century at the latest, the offices of bard and of "seer" Welsh: The closest analogy are the Celtic Virtues of honor, loyalty, hospitality, honesty, justice and courage.
There were occasional references in ancient literature to: This Otherworld is seen as the place we travel to when we die. Claudius invaded southeastern Britain in AD 43 and by the early 80s the Romans had conquered as far as the Highlands of Scotland Caledonia.
Zoomorphic deities The rich abundance of animal imagery in Celto-Roman iconography, representing the deities in combinations of animal and human forms, finds frequent echoes in the insular literary tradition.
The only Roman account of these Celtic holy men comes to us from the historian Tacitus. This provoked a period known as the Druid Revival in which groups and societies were formed to study Druidry and Celticism.
But if a supply of such criminals is lacking, then they resort to the sacrifice of completely innocent victims. The left ray represents female energy; the right: Female druids[ edit ] The Druidess, oil on canvas, by French painter Alexandre Cabanel — Irish mythology has a number of female druids as well, often sharing similar prominent cultural and religious roles with their male counterparts.
They have suggested that the idea of the druid might have been a fiction created by Classical writers to reinforce the idea of the barbaric "other" who existed beyond the civilized Greco-Roman world, thereby legitimising the expansion of the Roman Empire into these areas.
Huge wickerwork images were filled with living men and then burned; although the Druids preferred to sacrifice criminals, they would choose innocent victims if necessary.
A word often used by Druids to describe this approach is reverence, which expands the concept of respect to include an awareness of the sacred. Mercury was the most honored of all the gods and many images of him were to be found. The general feeling is that the immortal gods are better pleased with the sacrifice of those caught in theft, robbery or some other crime.
Excerpts from What do Druids Believe. It is in fact impossible to distinguish clearly between the individual goddesses and these mother-goddesses, matres or matronae, who figure so frequently in Celtic iconography, often, as in Irish tradition, in triadic form.
Justice desires the Druid understands everyone has an inherent worth and that an assault to that worth demands recompense in one form or another. At Bath she was identified with the goddess Sulis, whose cult there centred on the thermal springs.
Others will avoid choosing any one conception of Deity, believing that by its very nature this is unknowable by the mind. Brightly colored cloaks, golden torcs and bronze armlets adorned their bodies to express their wealth and high rank. There is some evidence that human sacrifice was known in Ireland and was forbidden by St.
The Roman slaughter of Druids is likely one of the causes of the revolt led by Queen Boudicca. They underwent lengthy training: Williams claimed to have collected ancient knowledge in a " Gorsedd of Bards of the Isles of Britain" he had organized.
Sometimes, one or three dots are added above the pillars. In the literature the Divine Son tends to figure in the role of trickster and lover.
This is particularly notable in the case of the Classical commentators from Poseidonius c. I think what I like about the Celts is they had a more balanced society. The form of the crown is similar to that seen in images of Romano-British priests several centuries later, leading to speculation among archaeologists that the man might have been a druid.
In Ireland the year was divided into two periods of six months by the feasts of Beltine May 1 and Samhain Samain; November 1and each of these periods was equally divided by the feasts of Imbolc February 1and Lughnasadh August 1.
Any individual or community that refuses to abide by their decision is excluded from the sacrifices, which is held to be the most serious punishment possible.
Celtic Druidism: Beliefs, practices & celebrations. Sponsored link. Beliefs and Practices: Beliefs and practices of the ancient Celts are being pieced together by modern Druids. Druid, (Celtic: “Knowing [or Finding] the Oak Tree”), member of the learned class among the ancient Celts.
They seem to have frequented oak forests and acted as priests, teachers, and judges. They seem to have frequented oak forests and acted as priests, teachers, and judges.
If one considers that the role of Druids and Brahmins within their respective societies was very similar, as postulated and supported in Myles Dillon's book, _Celts and Aryans_, I think that we can better see how Druids fit into ancient Celtic society and. If one considers that the role of Druids and Brahmins within their respective societies was very similar, as postulated and supported in Myles Dillon's book, _Celts and Aryans_, I think that we can better see how Druids fit into ancient Celtic society and what roles they fulfilled.
Their history is cloaked in mystery. The ancient Druids were members of the priestly class of the Celtic society that originated in Britain and migrated to what is now central France.
The Druids occupied a revered social status among the Celts due to their service to the community as priests. Celtic women were distinct in the ancient world for the liberty and rights they enjoyed and the position they held in society.
Compared to their counterparts in Greek, Roman and other ancient societies, they were allowed much freedom of activity and protection under the law.The plight of the ancient druid religion in celtic society